Windows UAC and Elevation
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Windows Vista now has a feature to stop regular "admin" users running with full access all the time. This is called User Account Control (UAC) and requires the user to confirm whether to allow an application to "elevate" to full admin access or not.
This can be set per executable/process by using a Vista aware manifest:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> <assembly xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1" manifestVersion="1.0"> <assemblyIdentity version="22.214.171.124" processorArchitecture="X86" name="company.product" type="win32" /> <description>Product name</description> <!-- Vista aware, Admin privileges needed --> <trustInfo xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v2"> <security> <requestedPrivileges> <requestedExecutionLevel level="requireAdministrator" uiAccess="false" /> </requestedPrivileges> </security> </trustInfo> </assembly>
This method works were the entire application needs elevation from the very beginning. If you do NOT want to be elevated for the life of the process but require access at the users request, you will need to shell out to another process with the above manifest or use the COM Elevation moniker.
To do this in VB, you need to have an out of process COM object (ActiveX EXE) with the manifest as above. You then need find the objects Class ID in the registry under the HKCR hive. In here, you need to add the "LocalizedString" string value to the registry containing a dll/exename and string resource ID to load the name from of the format:
In addition to this, you need to create an "Elevation" key containing the DWORD value "Enabled" set to 1.
Once the registry has been set as necessary, you can use this code in VB to create an instance of the object when needed:
Set VarName = GetObject("Elevation:Administrator!new:LibraryName.ClassName")
Please note that this does NOT work on anything before Vista so you need to check the Windows version prior to calling this method. If running on 2K or XP, you can safely use just CreateObject()
- http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb530410.aspx - Windows Vista Application Development Requirements for User Account Control Compatibility
- http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms679687.aspx - The COM Elevation Moniker in MSDN
- http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/07/01/UAC/ - Teach Your Apps To Play Nicely With Windows Vista User Account Control